History

Commercial Elite

From 1870 on, Medan developed rapidly due to the burgeoning plantation industry in East Sumatra, becoming the financial and administrative centre of plantation crops (tobacco, rubber, and palm oil). Workers were imported from India, China, and Java with Chinese...

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The Fort of Bengkulu

In the early 18th century, Bengkulu was an English settlement with the fort Marlborough (Malioboro). In 1712 the Englishman Joseph Collet was governor of Bencoolen, as the English called it. In his letters we read: 'Our fort indeed stands in a swamp which can't be...

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Padang City

..The last days they toured with us through Padang, that nice old fashioned Indien, in wide, green lanes, hidden small city, typically, with the low, shady, white pillared houses in the densely leaved gardens... (Louis Couperus, Eastward, p. 109) From: Former Points...

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Sibolga, The Old Harbourtown

Small town at the coast The Trans Sumatra Highway is the most important road over the island. The highway goes via the city of Tarutung to south Tapanuli, to West Sumatra, the land of the Minangkabau. At Tarutung we take the road to the coast, to the old harbour town...

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The Region Around Lake Toba

Volcanic pearl The region around Lake Toba is one of the most beautiful areas of Sumatra. Lake Toba itself was officially put on the map around 1850. In Marsden's 'History of Sumatra' dating from 1811, we read: It is said that there is a huge lake in North Sumatra,...

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Pematang Siantar

Pematang Siantar is the capital of Simalungun, a large cultural area where before the war a number of plantation companies originating from different part of the world were located, like the Handels Vereeniging Amsterdam, the German Marihat Gemeinschaft and the...

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